Gender pay gap narrows due to the economy

The gap between men and women’s pay has narrowed, however, not necessarily for the right reasons, found the International Labour Organization (ILO).

Kristen Sobeck, Co-Author of the ILO’s Global Wage Report 2012/13, argued that while the labour market had deteriorated for men, the amount of work available for women had improved or stayed the same.

Although there were global variations and differences depending on whether all full-time or part-time employees were considered, the majority of countries have seen a fall in the remuneration gap.

In Estonia, for example, men tended to work in sectors which were hardest hit by the economic situation and thus undertook less hours. In turn, this reduced the pay disparity.

In Norway, those on part-time contracts had similar levels of wages, regardless of their gender. However, there is a large inequality when assessing full-time staff. This increases when all workers are taken into account, as many women have part-time jobs where the hourly rate is lower than those who are employed all day.